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Keoladeo Ghana National Park | Dance of the Sarus Cranes
  • Keoladeo National Park or Keoladeo Ghana National Park (formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary) is a famous avifauna sanctuary in Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India, that hosts thousands of birds, especially during the winter season. Keoladeo, the name gets from an old Hindu temple, which is dedicated to Lord Shiva and remains at the focal point of the national park. "Ghana" implies thick, alluding to the thick woods, which used to cover the region. This park was established as a national park on 10 March 1982. Previously the private duck shooting preserve of the Maharaja of Bharatpur since the 1850s, the area was designated as a bird sanctuary on 13 March 1976. The last big shoot was held in 1964 but the Maharajah retained shooting rights until 1972. In 1985, the Park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the World Heritage Convention.

    Keoladeo National Park is 2 km south-east of Bharatpur and 55 km west of Agra. It is spread over approx 29 sq km. One third of the Keoladeo National Park is wetland with mounds, dykes, and open water with or without submerged or emergent plants. The uplands have grasslands with tall grass species together with scattered trees and shrubs present in varying density.

    Keoladeo National Park is known as a "bird paradise", since more than 375 bird species have been recorded in the park. Ornithologically, the park assumes significance in two respects: One because of its strategic location as a staging ground for migratory waterfowl arriving in the Indian subcontinent before dispersing to various regions.

    Bharatpur was once the last known wintering ground for the highly endangered central population of the Siberian Crane. Winter grants include Bar-headed Geese from Tibet & China and the Grey-lag Geese from Siberia. The park is an excellent breeding site for the Painted Stork, Purple Heron, White Ibis and Eurasian Spoonbill. If you are lucky, you can witness the marvellous courtship dance of the Sarus Crane, the world's tallest bird in flight.

    Mammals: Leopard, Chital Deer, Sambar Deer, Wild Boar, Langur, Rhesus Monkey, Jackal, Turtles etc.

    Birds: Migratory birds at Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary haven incorporate, a few types of Cranes, Pelicans, Geese, Ducks, Eagles, Hawks, Shanks, Stints, Wagtails, Warblers, Wheatears, Flycatchers, Buntings, Larks and Pipits, and many more.


    Forest Type

    Tropical dry deciduous forests (Dominated by Babool and Kadam Trees)

    Yearly and weekly off

    Holi, Diwali


    29 square kilometer

Tourism zones:

  • A short straight road from the main gate takes you past the barrier, from where the core area begins, to the centre of the park. Apart from the conventional method of exploring the park on foot, you can also take a bicycle though the most preferred mode is a cycle rickshaw tour

How to Reach?

  • Agra’s Kheria Airport is the nearest domestic terminal. It is located around 45 kilometers away from Bharatpur. From here onwards, you’ll have to take a taxi to reach Bharatpur.

  • Being the Central Railway Zone, Bharatpur is well-connected to Delhi, Jaipur, Mumbai, and Ahmadabad. Therefore, after reaching the railway junction of Bharatpur, you will get numerous transportation ways to reach the bird sanctuary.

  • An excellent network of roads connects Bharatpur to all the major cities of the Rajasthan and the neighbouring states like Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana. Bharatpur is well connected by road from Agra (56 kms, 1 hour), Delhi (184 kms, 4 hours) and Jaipur (176 kms, 3 hours)

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